Banking Acronyms 101

Ever received a text you didn’t understand? For example; Ur my BFF! LOL! IDK, where r u? They assume you understand all the little acronyms in the message. Well, don’t assume anything. The same goes with banking. Because I have been in banking for several years I assume everyone knows the banking acronyms as well as I do. I see them everyday, you don’t. So, here’s a small lesson in banking acronyms: 

ACH – Automated Clearing House
A computer-based clearing and settlement facility for interchange of electronic debits and credits among financial institutions.

APR – Annual Percentage Rate
The amount of interest the borrower actually pays, including loan interest points, and origination fees.

APY – Annual Percentage Yield
The amount of interest expressed as a percentage rate, a deposit account (or a share draft account) would earn in a year at a stated interest rate. The APY disclosure, showing the effect of interest compounding, assumes that funds remain on deposit for a full 365-day year at the advertised rate, and no additional deposits or withdrawals are made.

ATM – Automated Teller Machine
A computer terminal activated by a magnetically encoded bank card, allowing consumers to make deposits, obtain cash from checking or savings accounts, pay bills, transfer money between accounts, and does other routine transactions as they would at a bank teller window.

CD – Certificate of Deposit
A receipt for a time deposit  issued for a stated time period and normally paying a fixed rate of interest.

DBA – Doing Business As
A name used for business purposes that is not the legal name of the individual or organization actually conducting the business. A proprietorship commonly operates under a DBA, as in John Smith DBA John’s Auto Body.

DDL – Daily Dollar Limit
Refers to the maximum dollar amount you can withdrawal from your ATM card at an ATM within a 24-hour period.

EFT – Electronic Funds Transfer
A transfer of funds between accounts by electronic means rather than conventional paper-based payment methods, such as check writing.

EIN – Employer Identification Number
A Taxpayer Identification Number  for entities other than individuals, such as partnerships, corporations, estates and trusts.

FRB – Federal Reserve Bank
One of the 12 banks that, with their branches, make up the Federal Reserve System.

FHA – Fair Housing Act
A law enacted as part of civil rights legislation that prohibits discrimination of home sales, rentals and financing based on race, color, national origin, religion, sex, familial status or those with disabilities.

IRA – Individual Retirement Account
A tax-deferred retirement account allowing an individual to contribute a pre-set amount annually from personal income.

IRS – Internal Revenue Service
An agency of the federal government that is responsible for the administration and collection of federal income taxes.

PIN – Personal Identification Number
A numeric identification code used by bank customers when making transactions at a self-service electronic banking terminal, such as an automated teller machine.

POA – Power of Attorney
An instrument by which one person, as principal, appoints another as his agent and confers upon him the authority to perform certain specified acts or kinds of acts on behalf of the principal.

POD – Payable on Death
A regular bank account that names a specific person as the beneficiary of all funds once the bank account holder dies.

POS – Point of Sale
A system that uses a computer terminal located at the point of sales transaction so that the data can be captured immediately by the computer system.

PR – Personal Representative
The generic term for an executor for the estate of a deceased person who left a will or the administrator of an intestate estate.

RTN – Routing Number
A numeric coding facilitating check clearing among banks. The ABA numbering system, managed by the American Bankers Association, assigns a unique identifier to each U.S. financial institution.

SBA – Small Business Administration
A United States government agency that provides support to small businesses.

TIN – Tax Identification Number
An identifying number used for tax purposes in the United States. It is also known as a Tax Identification Number or Federal Taxpayer Identification Number. It may be assigned by the Social Security Administration or by the IRS (Internal Revenue Service.)

UGMA – Uniform Gift to Minors Act
A UGMA provides a child under the age of 18 (a minor) with a way to own investments. The money is in the minor’s name, but the custodian (usually the parent) has the responsibility to handle the money in a prudent manner for the minor’s benefit. The parent cannot withdraw the money to use for his or her own needs.

UTMA – Uniform Transfers to Minors Act
The Act allows the donor of the gift to transfer title to a custodian who will manage and invest the property until the minor reaches a certain age. The age is generally 21, but is different in some states (usually 18 in those cases). In the interim, the custodian can also make payments for the benefit of the minor out of the corpus of the gift.

By Cindy Lewis, Customer Service Director

Equal Housing Lender - larger

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